On the 26th of January 2017, within the framework of the Urban Laboratory, the Land Management Project together with the Ministry of Construction, Transport and Infrastructure hosted a special event on the topic of “Climate Protection in Urban Development” at the premises of the Standing Conference of Towns and Municipalities. The objective of the event was to provide a platform for professional exchange and discussion on how spatial and urban planning can contribute to climate protection in both aspects, mitigation and adaptation.
First, Ms. Corinna Altenburg from the “Service and Competence Center for Local Government Climate Action” at the German Institute of Urban Affairs, gave an overview of the current status of climate protection in Germany with a focus on urban development issues. She showed the dynamic development of climate protection activities at the local, national and international level in recent years and explained the National climate protection initiative of the Federal Republic of Germany. The framework of all activities at national, federal and local level is given by the decision of the German government to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% until 2020 and by 85-90% until 2050. Against this backdrop, more than 10,000 climate protection projects have been funded in over 3,500 municipalities since 2008. She also showed that climate protection at the local level is a cross-section task, which is increasingly perceived in Germany by municipal climate protection managers.
In a second presentation Mr. Klaus Hoppe, former director of the “Freiburg Climate Protection Agency” and now independent consultant, showed concrete examples of how climate protection can be taken into account in the implementation of urban development plans and projects, focusing on mitigation measures. Mr. Hoppe emphasized that climate protection should be established at all planning levels in municipal development, from integrated urban development concepts to the setting of energy and climate protection measures in detailed regulation plans. Most important fields of intervention are spatial and urban plans, planning and construction of municipal buildings as well as transport and infrastructure. He also pointed out that successful climate protection requires appropriate administrative structures as well as intensive cooperation and communication between the different administrative bodies or departments.
Finally, Ms. Milica Joksić from the “Urban Planning Institute of Belgrade” showed how climate protection aspects are taken into account when creating spatial and urban plans in the City of Belgrade. She presented measures that were integrated into the “Belgrade Development Strategy” and the “General Urban Plan Belgrade 2021″ and were taken into account in the preparation of General Regulation Plans. The main focus is on measures for climate adaptation such as roof greening, securing and creating public green spaces or the regulation of water permeable surfaces. Moreover, Ms. Joksic showed the results of special climate impact studies which have been done for certain high-rise buildings in Belgrade.
The final discussion showed that the interest in the topic among planners in local authorities and national institutions is very high. The Land Management Project will now discuss with the Ministry of Construction, Transport and Infrastructure how and to what extent this topic will be addressed in the current phase.